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Common Proficiency Test (CPT)

(One paper - Four hours - 200 Marks) Section A: Fundamentals of Accounting ( 60 Marks ) Objective
    1. Theoretical Framework
    (i) Meaning and Scope of accounting
    (ii) Accounting Concepts, Principles and Conventions
    (iii) Accounting Standards - concepts, objectives, benefits
    (iv) Accounting Policies

    (v) Accounting as a measurement discipline - valuation principles, accounting estimates

    2. Accounting Process

    Books of Accounts leading to the preparation of Trial Balance, Capital and revenue expenditures, Capital and revenue receipts, Contingent assets and contingent liabilities, Fundamental errors including rectifications thereof.

    8. Partnership Accounts

    Final accounts of partnership firms - Basic concepts of admission, retirement and death of a partner including treatment of goodwill.

Section B: Mercantile Laws ( 40 Marks ) Objective

    1. The Indian Contract Act , 1872: An overview of Sections 1 to 75 covering the general nature of contract , consideration , other essential elements of a valid contract , performance of contract and breach of contract.

    2. The Sale of Goods Act, 1930: Formation of the contract of sale – Conditions and Warranties - Transfer of ownership and delivery of goods – Unpaid seller and his rights.

    3. The India Partnership Act, 1932: General Nature of Partnership – Rights and duties of partners - Registration and dissolution of a firm.

Section C: General Economics ( 50 Marks )
    (I) Micro Economics
    1. Introduction to Micro Economics
    (a) Definition, scope and nature of Economics
    (b) Methods of economic study
    (c) Central problems of an economy and Production possibilities curve.
    2. Theory of Demand and Supply
    (a) Meaning and determinants of demand, Law of demand and Elasticity of demand - Price, income and cross elasticity
    (b) Theory of consumer ’s behaviour - Marshallian approach and Indifference curve approach
    (c) Meaning and determinants of supply, Law of supply and Elasticity of supply.
    3. Theory of Production and Cost
    (a) Meaning and Factors of production
    (b) Laws of Production - The Law of variable proportions and Laws of returns to scale
    (c) Concepts of Costs - Short-run and long-run costs, Average and marginal costs, Total, fixed and variable costs.
    4. Price Determination in Different Markets
    (a) Various forms of markets – Perfect Competition, Monopoly, Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly
    (b) Price determination in these markets.
    (c) Concepts of Costs - Short-run and long-run costs, Average and marginal costs, Total, fixed and variable costs.
    (II) Indian Economic Development
    5. Indian Economy - A Profile
    (a) Nature of the Indian Economy
    (b) Role of different sectors - Agriculture, Industry and Services in the development of the Indian economy, their problems and growth
    (c) National Income of India - Concepts of national income, Different methods of measuring national income, Growth of national income and per capita income in various plans.
    (d) Basic understanding of tax system of India – Direct and Indirect Taxation
    6. Select Aspects of Indian Economy
    (a) Population - Its size, rate of growth and its implication for growth
    (b) Poverty - Absolute and relative poverty and main programs for poverty alleviation
    (c) Unemployment - Types, causes and incidence of unemployment
    (d) Infrastructure - Energy, Transportation, Communication, Health and Education
    (e) Inflation
    (f) Budget and Fiscal deficits
    (g) Balance of payments
    (h) External debts.
    7. Economic Reforms in India
    (a) Features of economic reforms since 1991
    (b) Liberalisation, Privatisation and Disinvestment
    (c) Globalisation.
    8. Money and Banking
    (a) Money - Meaning and functions
    (b) Commercial Banks - Role and functions
    (c) Reserve Bank of India - Role and functions, Monetary policy.
Section D: Quantitative Aptitude ( 50 Marks )
    2. Equations

    Linear - simultaneous linear equations up to three variables, quadratic and cubic equations in one variable, equations of a straight line, intersection of straight lines, graphical solution to linear equations.

    10. Statistical description of data
    (a) Textual, Tabular & Diagrammatic representation of data.
    (b) Frequency Distribution.
    (c) Graphical representation of frequency distribution - Histogram, Frequency Polygon, Ogive
    15. Sampling Theory

    Basic Principles of sampling theory , Comparison between sample survey and complete enumeration , Errors in sample survey , Some important terms associated with sampling , Types of sampling , Theory of estimation , Determination of sample size .

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